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The Italians were the most technologically advanced silk throwsters in Europe and had developed two machines capable of winding the silk onto bobbins while putting a twist in the thread. They called the throwing machine, a filatoio, and called the doubler, a torcitoio.The first evidence of an externally powered filatoio comes from the thirteenth century, and the earliest illustration from around 1500. Silk would only cooperate in the process if the temperature and humidity were high.


The very first verdures (fr. verdure — greenery) has been created by the Bruxelles manufactures.

The exquisitely detailed and harmonious lanscapes included oaks, poppies, maples completed by figures of real and fantasy animals as pheasants, herons, deer, roosters and peacocks sometimes coming into battle. As with Flemish and Parisian tapestries of the same time, figures were set against a conventional background of verdure, stylized foliage and vignettes of plants on which birds perch and from which issue glimpses of towers and towns.

The Jagiellonian tapestries are a collection of marvelous tapestries created in Flandre in the middle of XVI century for the royal Wawel Castle, which includes set of tapestries ordered by king Sigismund August Jagiellon in Bruxelles in Flandre, completed by royal gifts and wedding dowry of Queen Bona Sforza, originally consisted of 365 pieces assembled by the Jagiellons to decorate the interiors of the Wawel Castle, now scattered between their residences.

One tapestry with the Polish eagle is bearing the date 1560.

Anna Jagiellon sent 30 pieces to Stockholm to her sister Catherine (Sigismund's mother) which The king Sigismund III Vasa brought back.


A weaver of Vimoutieres in France Paul Creton invents a new fabric, made of hem and flax initially, then of pure flax: cretonne, of which the combination is such that the chain being larger than the weft, the fabric presents a pearly grain.

Another inhabitant of the area Pierre Aubert invents in 1700 a weaving loom especially for the flax.

A Children House was built in the Park of Tsarskoye Selo on an island in the pond for the children of Nicolas I in 1830, where all furniture in the rooms of the Great Princesses was covered by cretonne fabric.


Afanasii Abramovich Goncharov, the great-grandfather of Pushkin's wife Natalya Goncharova, founded a cotton cloth factory near Kaluga in Russia in 1720.

The great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin visited the place in 1830 and 1834.


From 1840 onward the use of piecework and blocks, often made from printed fabric, became much more common for quuilting. Whole cloth quilts, broderie perse and medallion quilts were the styles of quilts made during the early 19th century.

Early quilts that feature the same fabric for the entire quilt top, whether that top is made of dyed wool or pieces of (the same) printed cotton fabric, are referred to as wholecloth quilts.

Broderie perse refers to the technique of cutting motifs from printed fabric and appliquéing them onto a solid background.

Medallion quilts are made around a center.


Sateen is a fabric made using a satin weave structure but made with spun yarns instead of filament. The sheen and softer feel of sateen is produced through the satin weave structure. Warp yarns are floated over weft yarns, for example four over and one under. (In a weft-faced satin or sateen, the weft yarns are floated over the warp yarns) resulting in surface that is smooth to the touch and reduces light scattering to increase shine.

Having been imported from China already in XII century sateen was not made in Europe until 1850, the year when manufacture of sateen got European patent, though it was mailnly used for expensive gowns for festive occasions through many years later on and no less expensive luxury underwear.


US passes Textile Fiber Products Identification Act, dealing with mandatory content disclosure in labelling, invoicing, and advertising of textile products.


Superwash acid treatment of wool which creates a more durable material that does not shrink in laundry is introduced.

Superwash wool (or washable wool) technology is when wool has been specially treated so it is machine washable and may be tumble-dried. This wool is produced using an acid bath that removes the "scales" from the fiber, or by coating the fiber with a polymer that prevents the scales from attaching to each other and causing shrinkage. This process results in a fiber that holds longevity and durability over synthetic materials, while retaining its shape.